This is all the more remarkable, since Achilles has for days been repeatedly trying to take out his raging grief on Hector's dead body. I could add other authors, such as Dostoyevski, who wrote stories of the tragic kind in much looser literary forms, but I want to keep the focus on a small number of clear paradigms.
In the first sense of purgation, the horror movie is a kind of medicine that does its work and leaves the soul healthier, while in the second sense it is a potentially addictive drug. The fear is relieved in vengeance, and we feel a satisfaction that we might be inclined to call justice.
Generally, the play weaves together the plots of the Seven Against Thebes and Antigone. Oedipus, King of Thebes, sends his brother-in-law, Creon, to ask advice of the oracle at Delphiconcerning a plague ravaging Thebes. She tells her son's story, concluding "he is lying on the ground, anguishing at heart" Oedipus in post-Classical literature[ edit ] Oedipus was a figure who was also used in the Latin literature of ancient Rome.
The word catharsis drops out of the Poetics because the word wonder, to rhaumaston, replaces it, first in chapter 9, where Aristotle argues that pity and fear arise most of all where wonder does, and finally in chapters 24 and 25, where he singles out wonder as the aim of the poetic art itself, into which the aim of tragedy in particular merges.
Oedipus went to Delphi and asked the oracle about his parentage. A plague falls on the people of Thebes. Achilles and Priam cry together, each for his own grief, as each has cried so often before, but this time a miracle happens.
Shakespeare is in control here, and the feeling he produces does not give way in embarrassment to moral judgment, nor does it make us wallow mindlessly in pity because it feels so good; the pity he arouses in us shows us what is precious in us, in the act of its being violated in another.
A fight ensues, and Oedipus kills Laius and most of his guards.
Just then, Creon returns to Thebes from a visit to the oracle. At the end of the play the stage is often littered with bodies, and we feel cleansed by it all.
Instead of answers he was given a prophecy that he would one day murder his father and sleep with his mother. When informed by the blind prophet Tiresias that religious forces are against him, each king claims that the priest has been corrupted. Cunningham, that demonstrates the continuity of the traditional understanding of tragedy from Aristotle to Shakespeare.
Jocasta realizes now all that has happened. Another characteristic of oracles in myth is that they are almost always misunderstood by those who hear them; hence Oedipus's misunderstanding the significance of the Delphic Oracle. By the same token, the action of the drama itself is not on the stage.
And Homer most of all has taught the rest of us how one ought to speak of what is untrue Why shouldn't some tragedy arouse pity and joy, say, and another fear and cruelty?
Let us take counsel from the "honest old councilor" Gonzalo, who always has the clearest sight in the play. September Learn how and when to remove this template message The exploration of this theme in Oedipus Rex is paralleled by the examination of the conflict between the individual and the state in Antigone.
The curse of the Oedipus' sons is expanded backward to include Oedipus and his father, Laius. First, it describes in detail why Laius and Oedipus had a feud:Aristotle: Poetics. The Poetics of Aristotle ( B.C.E.) is a much-disdained book. So unpoetic a soul as Aristotle's has no business speaking about such a topic, much less telling poets how to.
- Justification of Creon in Antigone by Sophocles Antigone is a tragic play written by Sophocles in about b.c. The play is a continuation of the curse put upon the household of Oedipus Rex.
Sophocles actually wrote this play before he wrote Oedipus, but it follows Oedipus in chronological order. The Holy Bible: King James Version. Exodus Water from the Rock: 1: And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, after their journeys, according to the commandment of the LORD, and pitched in Reph'idim: and there was no water for the people to drink.: 2.
This webpage is for Dr. Wheeler's literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies. Oedipus Rex (Oedipus the King) study guide contains a biography of Sophocles, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
The story of Oedipus the King (or Oedipus Rex), is a Theban play written by Sophocles, one of the three ancient Greek Tragedians whose work as survived.Download